|Richard Trevithick's Engine||Stephenson's Rocket - Science Museum London|
|A common misconception is that Rocket was the first steam locomotive. In fact the first steam locomotive to run on tracks was built by Richard Trevithick (as above) 26 years earlier, but was not financially successful. George Stephenson, as well as a number of other engineers, had built steam locomotives before. Rocket was in some ways an evolution, not a revolution. It was designed and built to compete in the Rainhill Trials, a competition to select the locomotive type for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, in October 1829. All the other competitors broke down so a true result is a bit hard to tell; however in winning, Rocket did fulfill the key requirement of the contest that a full simulated 50 mile (90-km) round trip under load be completed with satisfactory fuel consumption. It averaged 12 miles per hour (achieving a top speed of 30 miles per hour) hauling 13 tons.|
London was the first with the 'Tube' - London Underground. January 2013 saw in the 150th year anniversary of this event. More people could travel around London in shorter time.
The next 'big leap forward' was the car, not so much the first cars, but the successful introduction of a car that could be used by the masses.
It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car which
"put America on wheels"; this was due to some of Ford's innovations, including
assembly line production instead of individual hand crafting, as well as the
concept of paying the workers a wage proportionate to the cost of the car, so
that they would provide a ready made market.