China Weather

China has a continental monsoonal climate characterized by diversity. Most variations are in the northern temperate zone. The southern areas come within the tropical or subtropical zones and northern areas the frigid zone.

Most parts of China have clear divisions between seasons. In winter, northerly winds from high latitude areas keep the northern part cold and dry, while in summer, monsoons from southern coastal areas bring warmth and moisture. In addition, the climate also varies with the extensive land mass and various topographical features from region to region.

In North China, such as Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia, the summer is dry and hot while the winter is extremely cold. Sandstorms sometimes occur in April within this area, especially Inner Mongolia and the Beijing region.

On the Tibet-Qinghai plateau (about 4,000m above sea level), winter is long and extremely cold, whilst summers are short and moderately warm. There is little precipitation in this area and the temperature fluctuation is extreme between day and night.

In central China (the valley along the Yangtze River), the summer is long, hot and humid, whilst winter is short and cold. In the areas south of the Yangtze River, the temperature rarely falls below freezing. In the far south, areas around Guangzhou, the summer is long, humid and hot whilst the winter is short and comfortable, considered by many from the north as, 'a paradise' weather wise. The rainy season runs from May through August and typhoons frequently occur along the southeast coast between July and September.
 
Five Temperature Zones


Temperatures vary a great deal. Influenced by latitude and monsoon activities, in winter, an isotherm of zero degrees traverses the Huaihe River-Qinling Mountain-southeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Areas north of the isotherm have temperatures below zero degrees and south of it, above zero. Mohe in Heilongjiang can hit an average of 30 degrees centigrade below zero, while the temperature of Sanya in Hainan Province is above 20 degrees. In summer, most of areas are above 20 degrees centigrade despite the high Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and other mountains such as Tianshan. Among these hot places, Turpan Basin in Xinjiang is the center for intense heat at 32 centigrade on average.

  • Cold-Temperate Zone: north part of Heilongjiang Province and Inner Mongolia (Representative city: Harbin)
  • Mid-Temperate Zone: Jilin, northern Xinjiang, and most of Heilongjiang, Liaoning, and Inner Mongolia (Representative cities: Beijing, Shenyang, Dalian, Urumqi, Hohhot, Dunhuang, Lanzhou)
  • Warm-Temperate Zone: area of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Hebei Province (Representative cities: Xian, Taiyuan, Luoyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Zhengzhou)
  • Subtropical Zone: South of isotherm of Qinling Mountain-Huaihe River, east of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Representative cities: Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau, Guilin, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Kunming, Dali, Lijiang, Chengdu)
  • Tropical Zone: Hainan province, southern Taiwan, Guangdong, and Yunnan Province (Representative cities: Haikou, Sanya)
  • Plateau Climate Zone: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Representative city: Lhasa)
 
                   CITY JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Beijing -4.1
25
-1.6
29
4.9
41
13.6
57
20.0
68
25.2
77
27.9
82
26.6
80
20.3
69
12.7
55
4.2
40
-2.2
28
Chengdu -9.2
15
-5.5
22
2.1
36
11.5
53
18.4
65
22.3
72
24.3
76
22.8
73
17.1
63
10.0
50
0.4
33
-7.2
19
Chengdu 5.5
42
7.4
45
11.7
53
16.7
62
20.9
70
23.6
75
25.3
78
24.9
77
21.2
70
16.7
62
11.4
53
7.1
45
Chongqing 7.5
46
9.1
48
13.8
57
18.4
65
21.8
71
24.7
77
28.3
83
28.3
83
23.4
74
18.4
65
13.6.
57
9.1
48
Dalian -4.5
24
-2.9
27
2.4
36
9.5
49
15.6
60
19.7
67.0
23.0
73
24.0
76
20.0
68
13.7
57
5.8
42
-1.0
30
Datong -11.0
12
-7.4
19
0
32
8.5
47
15.7
60
19.9
68
21.8
71
20.0
68
14.4
58
7.5
45
-1.4
29
-8.8
16
Guangzhou 13.2
56
14.1
58
17.8
64
22.0
72
25.6
78
27.4
81
28.7
84
28.5
83
27.1
81
23.8
75
19.3
67
15.1
59
Guilin 7.8
46
9.0
48
12.9
55
18.5
65
23.0
73
26.2
79
28.1
83
27.8
82
25.5
78
20.5
69
15.2
59
10.2
50
Hangzhou 3.9
39
5.2
42
9.3
48
15.4
59
20.3
69
24.3
76
28.5
83
27.9
82
23.3
74
17.7
64
12.2
54
6.3
43
Hong Kong 15.8
60
15.9
61
18.5
65
22.2
72
25.9
79
27.8
82
28.8
84
28.4
83
27.6
81
25.2
77
21.4
70
17.6
64
Mount Huangshan -2.8
27
-1.6
29
2.3
36
7.7
46
11.9
53
14.9
59
17.6
64
17.3
63
13.7
57
9.2
48
4.0
39
-0.6
31
Kunming 7.9
46
10.0
50
13.2
56
16.6
62
19.1
67
19.6
67
19.7
67
19.0
66
17.2
63
14.6
58
11.1
52
8.0
46
Lhasa -2.1
28
0.9
34
4.5
40
8.1
46
11.8
53
15.7
60
15.3
59
14.4
58
12.7
55
8.2
46
2.1
36
-1.6
29
Luoyang 0.4
33
2.7
37
8.4
47
15.4
59
21.2
70
26.3
79
27.3
81
26.0
79
21.1
70
15.3
59
8.3
47
2.3
36
Nanjing 2.1
36
3.9
39
8.5
47
15.0
59
20.1
68
24.6
77
27.9
82.0
27.4
81
22.4
72
16.6
62
10.2
50
4.3
40
Qingdao 0.7
31
-0.4
31
4.7
40
10.5
51
15.9
60
20.0
68
23.8
75
25.2
77
21.5
70
16.1
61
8.9
48
2.0
35
Sanya 21.2
70
22.2
72
24.2
76
26.6
79
28.3
83
28.5
83
28.5
83
28.0
82
27.3
81
26.1
79
24.2
76
21.9
71
Shanghai 4.7
40
8.2
46
13.4
56
18.5
65
22.9
73
27.2
81
27.5
82
24.1
76
18.8
66
12.8
55.0
6.9
44
4.0
39
Suzhou 3.2
38
4.3
40
8.6
47
14.5
58
19.6
67
23.8
75
28.0
82
27.7
82
23.1
73
17.7
64
11.9
53
5.6
42
Urumqi -13.9
7
-11.6
11
-1.8
29
9.8
50
16.9
62
21.8
71
24.2
76
22.7
73
16.7
62
7.6
46
-3.1
26
-11
12
Wuhan 3.2
38
5.2
42
9.8
50
16.3
61
21.5
71
25.6
78
28.7
84
28.2
83
23.2
73
17.4
63
11.2
52
5.4
42
Wuxi 2.8
37
4.0
39
8.4
47
14.4
58
19.6
67
23.8
75
28.0
82
27.6
82
22.8
73
17.2
63
11.3
52
5.0
41
Xiamen 13.0
55
13.4
56
15.5
60
19.7
67
23.2
73
25.9
79
27.6
82
27.2
81
25.5
78
22.2
72
18.6
65
14.6
58
Xian -0.5
31
2.5
37
8.4
47
14.6
59
19.6
67
25.0
77
26.4
80
24.8
77
19.0
66
13.3
56
6.3
43
0.7
33